Tag Archives: Essential

Essential Reads: Bright Light Therapy for the Treatment of Depression During Pregnancy, Mixed Findings

Despite data to support the reproductive safety of many antidepressants during pregnancy, many women would prefer to avoid medications, if possible.  In this setting, many women pursue psychotherapy, others use acupuncture or yoga or exercise. Although non-pharmacologic treatments are perceived as being safer than medications, this is only true if the treatment is effective.  Exposure… Read More »

Essential Reads: Modafinil and Armodafinil During Pregnancy Associated with Increased Risk of Malformations

Modafinil (brand name Provigil) and armodafinil (Nuvigil) are wake-promoting agents used to treat sleepiness due to narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, or obstructive sleep apnea. They are also used in other settings, often in combination with other medications, to treat ADHD symptoms, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and cognitive dysfunction.   Danish Study of 50 Modafinil-Exposed Infants In… Read More »

Essential Reads: Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Children with Prenatal Exposure to Antiepileptic Drugs

While much data focuses on the risk of prenatal exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and the risk of congenital malformations, there is a growing body of literature to indicate that  that exposure to certain antiepileptic drugs, most notably valproic acid (VPA, Depakote)  during critical periods of development may be associated with long-lasting neurodevelopmental deficits across… Read More »

Essential Reads: Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes among Women with Eating Disorders

While eating disorders are common in women of childbearing age, there is relatively little information on obstetric and perinatal outcomes in this population.  A recent review indicates that women with current eating disorder, as well as women with a history of eating disorder, are at risk of adverse outcomes, including hyperemesis, bleeding, and low birth… Read More »

Essential Reads: Neurosteroids, Allopregnanolone and Vulnerability to Depression in Women

Essential Reads: Neurosteroids, Allopregnanolone and Vulnerability to Depression in Women Women are twice as likely as men to suffer from a depressive disorder.  In addition, they are vulnerable to mood disorders associated with reproductive functioning, specifically premenstrual dysphoric disorder, perinatal depression, and perimenopausal depression. There is strong evidence to indicate that biological factors (genetic vulnerability,… Read More »

Essential Reads: A Clinical Guide for the Diagnosis and Treatment of PMDD

In an evidence-based review published in 2012, Laura Wakil, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, and Susan Girdler present a thorough review of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), reviewing its diagnosis and treatment options.  The information provided is clear and provides an excellent framework for understanding PMDD.  In addition, this article includes a section on the association between PMS/PMDD and… Read More »